Frequently Asked Questions

Please click below to see answers to our frequently asked questions.

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What is regenerative medicine?

Regenerative medicine or restorative medicine is a new, fast-growing field of medicine that provides an alternative to traditional treatments, like surgery and medication, by using the concepts of the body’s own ability to repair itself to bring healing, restoration and regeneration to cells and tissues.

What are biologic treatments?

Biologic treatments are a type of treatment used in regenerative or restorative medicine. These treatments use restorative methods and procedures to help the body repair and heal itself by using the cells and molecules naturally found in our bodies and blood, including: stem cells, platelets, pericytes, growth factors, enzyme inhibitors, proteins and others. The goal is to encourage the body to efficiently regrow musculoskeletal tissues, including cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments.

What types of orthopaedic conditions and injuries can biologic treatments help?

Biologic treatment and procedures can help reduce and eliminate pain, improve and restore mobility, as well as speed recovery in a variety of orthopedic conditions and injuries to the joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, discs and more.

  • ACL, Meniscal & Other Tears
  • Arthritis
  • Carpel Tunnel, Trigger Finger & Other Hand Injuries
  • Frozen Shoulder
  • Joint Osteoarthritis (Knee, Hip and Other Joints)
  • Lower Back & Neck Pain Due to Disc Degeneration
  • Muscle Strains
  • Partial Quadriceps Tendon Tears
  • Partial Muscle Tears & Joint Instability
  • Patellar Tendonitis
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Rotator Cuff Strains
  • Shoulder Instability
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Other Chronic Tendon & Ligament Issues

What are the advantages of biologic procedures?

There are several potential advantages to receiving biologic therapies over the traditional treatments that often include medication, surgery, long recovery and implanting man-made hardware. Biologic treatments and procedures are:

  • Less Invasive
  • Improve Functionality
  • Improve Mobility
  • Reduced or Eliminated Pain
  • Provide Faster Recovery

What are stem cell injections?

Stem cell injections are a type of regenerative medicine therapy. Stem cells help the body heal by responding to the injury site. These stem cells can renew themselves or change into a different type of cell, if that is needed, to restore or repair the body.

How effective are stem cell & PRP treatments?

Since this is a developing field of medicine, new studies are being performed and evidence for the effectiveness of stem cell and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatments is constantly growing. In a recent study, more than 91% of the 1,100 patients who received adult stem cell treatment for knee osteoarthritis had a 50% improvement in their pain and function one year after their treatment. In addition, patients can have improved results from receiving these types of biologic treatments, when in the past they have not responded to the more traditional procedures and therapies.

What are the anticipated results of stem cell injection and PRP therapy?

The ultimate goal of stem cell injection and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is to help the body heal quickly and properly while decreasing pain. Some patients have seen improvements within a few weeks, while many take around 4-8 weeks after the treatments to see signs of improvement. The healing process is different for each patient and could take up to several months for complete healing depending on the treatment length and patient response.

What is the difference between stem cell injections and PRP therapy?

Stem cell injections and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy are both biologic therapies used in regenerative medicine. Stem cell injections use stem cells to create new cells that will help heal damaged tissue. While PRP therapy uses platelet-rich plasma in order to stimulate and accelerate the healing of tissue and attract growth factors found in your body.

How do we obtain your stem cells?

We work exclusively with each patient’s own stem cells, harvesting them from their adipose tissue and amniotic fluid. While embryonic stem cells can effectively change into any tissue type, we do not use them.

Why are stem cells important?

Stem cells are the natural source of new cells in your body. Stem cells have the ability to regenerate and repair damaged and diseased cells. Because of their incredible ability to change into different cells, our physicians are now using stem cells to help treat a variety of orthopaedic issues.

What are growth factors?

Growth factors are necessary proteins that help the body during the healing process and can also speed up the process. Growth factors can be found in your bones, in the marrow, and other parts of your body. At the site of an injury, the growth factors draw in stem cells present in your body to come help with the healing process.

What is a MACI procedure?

It is a two-phase procedure that begins with our team doing a biopsy to harvest cartilage cells (chondrocytes) from the knee. The harvested cartilage is then sent to an FDA approved laboratory, where the cartilage cells are removed from the cartilage matrix, allowed to reproduce and then seeded onto a special collagen membrane. After this process is complete, it is sent back to POA for us to shape and reimplant in the patients’ knee by affixing it to the damaged area.

Want to hear more about what our patients are saying about biologics?

To see our shared patient success stories click here.

Where can I find more information about biologics?

The following links are here to provide additional insight from nationally respected organizations:

  • Information about the biological properties of stem cells and the potential use of stem cells in research and in treating disease. Click here >>
  • Stem cell information for the public from the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR). Click here >>
  • The US Food and Drug Administration has issued guidance on the use of human cells, tissue and cellular and tissue-based products regulated under 361 of the Public Health Service Act and 21 CFR Part 1271. Click here >>
  • Medline Plus is a consumer health database that includes news, health resources, clinical trials, and more. Click here >>
  • Learn about the nature of stem cells via a slideshow from the University of Utah’s Genetic Science Learning Center. Click here >>
  • Reference for MACI. Click here >>

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